Common symptoms: anxiety, tension, fear, panic, shortness of breath
- Acute anxiety: mainly manifested as panic attack, in nightly sleep more often, there is a sense of dying. The patient’s heart beat violently, the chest was choked, the throat was blocked and breathing was difficult. Respiratory alkalosis (excessive exhalation of carbon dioxide leads to blood alkalinity) caused by excessive respiration caused by panic can also induce numbness of limbs, numbness around mouth, pale face, abdominal distension, etc., which further aggravates the patient’s fear and causes mental collapse. These patients often get emotional and nervous when they visit the hospital, and often give doctors a false appearance of cardiovascular disease. The general acute anxiety attack lasts for several minutes or hours, and the symptoms can be relieved or disappeared after the attack or after proper treatment.
- Chronic anxiety: acute anxiety is often produced in the context of chronic anxiety, but more patients are mainly manifested as chronic anxiety symptoms. The typical manifestations of chronic anxiety are five symptoms, namely, panic, fatigue, neuroticism, acute breath and chest pain. In addition, there are tension, cold sweat, syncope, belching, nausea, abdominal distention, constipation, impotence, and acute urination. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish from neurasthenia or other specialized diseases, so doctors need to have a comprehensive and detailed understanding of the condition, so as to avoid misdiagnosis. Sometimes some necessary auxiliary examinations can help to eliminate organic diseases, such as electrocardiogram, X-ray chest films, gastrointestinal radiography, gastroscopy, etc. can help doctors to detect the disease. However, although the subjective symptoms of anxiety disorder are serious, the objective rest is very light or negative.