Acute schizophrenia

Patients in the acute phase of schizophrenia can generally be treated with medication, intramuscular injection of haloperidol, and forced hospitalization.

Patients with acute episodes of schizophrenia may experience hallucinatory consciousness, delusions, uncoordinated emotional responses, and speech and behavior disorders.

The main causes of acute schizophrenia include:

  1. Environmental factors. Environmental factors have a strong influence on people with schizophrenia. Many schizophrenics are affected by mental stimulation, which leads to the occurrence of schizophrenia.
  2. genetic factors, the incidence of schizophrenia in relatives is significantly higher than other populations, and the closer the blood relationship with schizophrenia, the higher the incidence. The earlier the onset of schizophrenia, the more obvious the role of genetic factors.
  3. biochemical factors, patients with metabolic abnormalities may lead to toxic metabolic intermediates, affect brain function, and eventually lead to the onset of schizophrenia.

The treatment of acute phase of schizophrenia, the preferred drug treatment, if the patient can cooperate with the treatment, the use of oral drugs. Traditional antipsychotics, such as sulpiride, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, etc., can also be used as newer antipsychotics, such as olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, etc. If patients do not respond to medication during the acute phase, intramuscular injections of haloperidol may be used.

If there is significant relief in the acute phase, patients can be treated with medication and then switched to oral medication. If the patient’s acute symptoms are particularly severe, extremely uncooperative, and highly hostile, disruptive, and aggressive, they may require mandatory hospitalization.

Patients in life should not watch thrilling, ferocious, tragic novels, television, movies, to avoid aggravating the patient’s condition. The environment can affect the condition of schizophrenia patients, noisy environment can aggravate the patient’s condition. Therefore, after the patient falls ill, the family member needs to arrange a comfortable and quiet environment.

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