Schizophrenia is a kind of mental illness with high relapse and high disability. Most psychiatric medicine believes that more than half, even 60 to 70 percent, of the causes of schizophrenia are biological, and the rest are acquired. Studies have shown that patients are largely regulated by their genes, while environmental influences are widespread and can be traced back to brain damage during pregnancy and childhood.
However, schizophrenia tends to occur around the age of 20, which overlaps with the time when most people go to school, find a job, fall in love and other career transitions, so they will encounter a lot of pressure. When patients gradually develop illness at this time, people often think that it is the frustration that leads to physical and mental problems, such as depression because of bad feelings and falling grades. But in fact, the causation may be the other way around.
When a patient is in the midst of an acute episode, medication is usually used to reduce the impact of symptoms on thinking, mood, behavior, and sleep. After the acute symptoms are controlled by drugs, the goal of treatment will be to continue to maintain stability and reduce the recurrence rate. At this time, drug therapy is still needed to further assist patients to recover their social and work ability under the condition of continuous stability. Many patients in the symptoms of stability, their own or family members think that the use of drugs for a long time to hurt the liver and kidney concerns, or want to exercise, want to open, in other informal ways to maintain stability, and reduce or stop the drug, and cause a very high risk of recurrence of the disease.
With the increase of recurrence, not only will the patient’s brain damage, more likely to lead to the degeneration of the patient’s various functions. For often self-reducing drug or drug withdrawal leads to disease recurrence, or drug control can not relapse patients, clinically called “refractory schizophrenia”, can also choose the combination of surgery and drug treatment, so as to eliminate abnormal symptoms, improve treatment compliance and drug sensitivity, reduce the risk of disease recurrence.
The combination of surgery and drugs is more effective than drug therapy. Postoperative symptoms of patients immediately disappeared about 95% of the rate of surgery for a variety of delusions, hallucinations, behavioral disorders, family hostility and other positive symptoms of high cure rate, symptoms completely relieved or disappeared (own control); The disappearance rate of negative symptoms after the operation accounted for 85%, and the operation also had a good effect on depression, indifference, loneliness and withdrawal, fear and fear (self control). Postoperative drug use was reduced to a certain extent compared with that before surgery, and patients actively requested medication to cooperate with treatment.